Resistance against colonialism, a trend that emerged earlier in the nineteenth century, was also extremely important in modernismo. Many of his works were published in La Revista Moderna de Mexico , a modernist magazine of the time. The Argentine Jorge Luis Borges invented what was almost a new genre, the philosophical short story, and would go on to become one of the most influential of all Latin American writers. At the same time, Roberto Arlt offered a very different style, closer to mass culture and popular literature, reflecting the urbanization and European immigration that was shaping the Southern Cone.
Both writers were the most important emergents in an important controversia in argentinian literature between the so-called Florida Group of Borges and other writers and artists that used to meet at the Richmond Cafe in the centrical Florida street of Buenos Aires city vs.
The novel became an immediate hit, being translated into over forty languages. Modernist poetry progressed into further experimental poetry, particularly of the Vanguardia, or Avant Garde, which gave birth to a variety of artistic movements and trends.
However, this group of poets was overshadowed by Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral. After World War II, Latin America enjoyed increasing economic prosperity, and a new-found confidence also gave rise to a literary boom.
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From to , some of the major seminal works of the boom were published and before long became widely noticed, admired, and commented on beyond Latin America itself. Many of these novels and collections of short stories were somewhat rebellious from the general point of view of Latin America culture. Authors crossed traditional boundaries, experimented with language, and often mixed different styles of writing in their works. Structures of literary works were also changing. Boom writers ventured outside traditional narrative structures, embracing non-linearity and experimental narration.
The figure of Jorge Luis Borges , though not a Boom author per se, was extremely influential for the Boom generation. The Boom launched Latin American literature onto the world stage. In , the published book was one of the Boom's defining novels, which led to the association of Latin American literature with magic realism , though other important writers of the period such as Mario Vargas Llosa and Carlos Fuentes do not fit so easily within this framework.
In the same year, Though the literary boom occurred while Latin America was having commercial success, the works of this period tended to move away from the positives of the modernization that was underway. Boom works often tended not to focus on social and local issues, but rather on universal and at times metaphysical themes. Political turmoil in Latin American countries such as Cuba at this time influenced the literary boom as well. Some works anticipated an end to the prosperity that was occurring, and even predicted old problems would resurface in the near future.
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Their works foreshadowed the events to come in the future of Latin America, with the s and s dictatorships, economic turmoil, and Dirty Wars. Post-Boom literature is sometimes characterized by a tendency towards irony and humor, as the narrative of Alfredo Bryce Echenique , and towards the use of popular genres, as in the work of Manuel Puig. Some writers felt the success of the Boom to be a burden, and spiritedly denounced the caricature that reduces Latin American literature to magical realism.
Hence the Chilean Alberto Fuguet came up with McOndo as an antidote to the Macondo-ism that demanded of all aspiring writers that they set their tales in steamy tropical jungles in which the fantastic and the real happily coexisted. In a mock diary by post-modernist Giannina Braschi the Narrator of the Latin American Boom is shot by a Macy's make-up artist who accuses the Boom of capitalizing on her solitude. In his controversial book The Western Canon , Bloom says: "Of all Latin American authors in this century, he is the most universal If you read Borges frequently and closely, you become something of a Borgesian, because to read him is to activate an awareness of literature in which he has gone farther than anybody else.
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Borges opined that it was "the Don Quixote of Latin America. Paz has also been a recipient of the Jerusalem Prize, as well as an honorary doctorate from Harvard. The most important literary prize of the Spanish language is widely considered to be the Cervantes Prize of Spain. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For literature of the United States written in the Spanish language, see American literature in Spanish. Oral and written tradition.
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