Faraday is most famous for his contributions to the understanding of electricity and electrochemistry.
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In this work he was driven by his belief in the uniformity of nature and the interconvertibility of various forces, which he conceived early on as fields of force. In he succeeded in producing mechanical motion by means of a permanent magnet and an electric current—an ancestor of the electric motor.
In the course of proving that electricities produced by various means are identical, Faraday discovered the two laws of electrolysis: the amount of chemical change or decomposition is exactly proportional to the quantity of electricity that passes in solution, and the amounts of different substances deposited or dissolved by the same quantity of electricity are proportional to their chemical equivalent weights. In he and the classicist William Whewell worked out a new nomenclature for electrochemical phenomena based on Greek words, which is more or less still in use today— ion , electrode , and so on.
From Punch , July 21, Faraday suffered a nervous breakdown in but eventually returned to his electromagnetic investigations, this time on the relationship between light and magnetism. Although Faraday was unable to express his theories in mathematical terms, his ideas formed the basis for the electromagnetic equations that James Clerk Maxwell developed in the s and s. In contrast to Davy, Faraday was known throughout his life as a kind and humble person, unconcerned with honors and eager to practice his science to the best of his ability.
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Access over , print volumes, rare books and manuscripts, archival materials, and historical photographs. A Swedish scientist who studied both chemistry and physics, Arrhenius became a founding father of a new field: physical chemistry.
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Kamminga eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Vol.
Marsden - - Annals of Science 52 6 Dorries - - Annals of Science 55 4 Faraday's Theories of Matter and Electricity. Heimann - - British Journal for the History of Science 5 3 Ryan D. Tweney - - Perspectives on Science 14 1 Frank A. James - - British Journal for the History of Science 25 2 Ir Morus - - History of Science 30 87 Added to PP index Total views 7 , of 2,, Recent downloads 6 months 6 , of 2,, How can I increase my downloads?
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The Correspondence of Michael Faraday
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