M - Semi structured interview schedule consisting of questions related to demographic characteristics and knowledge regarding uterine prolapse was developed by review of literature. An education interventional study was conducted among 45 reproductive age group women of Budhanilkantha municipality using a pre- experimental research design with one group for pre-test and post-test design.
The level of knowledge regarding different aspects of uterine was compared using descriptive statistic. F - 45 participants, RC - Educational intervention can be an effective means for increasing knowledge about preventable disease like uterine prolapse among targeted population away from the central communication Medias such as radio, television.
The points mentioned in table three are also applicable regarding this research. Detachment from the realities of everyday life of a women and only addressing the problem through educational intervention at the individual level gives a superficial solution to the problem.
The invisibilisation of the social, economic, cultural, gendered and political conditions when dealing with any health condition has been a trait of neoliberal thinking. To assess effectiveness of educational intervention. M — Educational intervention about emergency contraceptives was done. A quasi-experimental, pre- post-test study design was carried out among 40 late adolescent girls. So, this study recommends for doing educational intervention to the students.
Education and the Reproduction of Capital: Neoliberal Knowledge and - Google книги
The arguments made in table ten are relevant to this research also. The burden of contraception falls heavily on the women. The western forms of hormonal contraceptives has been shown as liberating for women, but with it arrives the baggage of the medical-industrial complex and its underlying ideologies, which seek to benefit from widespread sales, distribution, and use. For women from developing and least developed countries the hormonal contraceptive dosages which has been designed for women in developed nations could be excessively high and resulting in severe side-effects leading to discontinuation and, potentially, unplanned pregnancy.
Women were considered as means in the course of reproduction, and as targets in the process of fertility control.
Services were not provided to women as ends in themselves. Although, women benefited from the process, they were not at its centre. M - Cross sectional descriptive study was done by using simple random sampling technique. Data was collected through semi-structured self- administered questionnaire. The total mean knowledge score of respondents was RC - Emphasis should be placed on periodical in-service education and training program for primary school teachers to increase their knowledge about nutrition, nutritional disorders where the health and education ministry and its policy can play the key role for uplifting knowledge among teachers, students and society.
Malnutrition has been seen as an anomaly that results due to individual habits that are offshoots of low literacy and ignorance. The primary reason for malnutrition is lack of knowledge, and because the family, mother, a particular group or a community does not know about proper dietary regime.
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Here knowledge regarding malnutrition among government school teachers is assessed at the individual personal level and the biomedical, physiological characteristics of malnutrition are considered as appropriate knowledge. Teachers play an important role in shaping the structure of knowledge, at the school level. The reflexive role of teachers has been highly curbed under a banking mode of education system.
Aims to assess knowledge and preventive practices related to Avian Influenza among poultry workers of Kamalamai municipality, Sindhuli, Nepal. M - Cross-sectional descriptive design using semi-structured interview questionnaires to assess the knowledge and preventive practices and checklists to observe the preventive practices. Sample size for this study was , Forty-four poultry farms having three workers were selected randomly by using lottery method.
On the day of data collection some respondents were absent so that only respondents were interviewed by using semi-structured interview schedule. More than half Majority of them RC - extensive health education and health promotion programs are recommended to prevent AI in poultry giving more emphasis on mass communication like electronic and print media.
The chain of virus transmission has the consumers of poultry at the end and its manufacturers the poultry farmers at its starting point. In between these two agents the production process has acquired a procrustean structure where the farmed animals are imprisoned in alien, dysfunctional, and disease-prone bodies genetically manipulated for food traits alone, bodies that in many cases have been surgically altered, creating a disfigured appearance.
WHO-prescribed program of massive poultry culling to mitigate the risk of avian flu contagion. They suggest that the uncertainties endemic to contemporary biosecurity threats such as avian flu point to the need to develop new ways of living with and managing the possibility of outbreaks that are more nuanced than current attempts to achieve absolute security at the expense of local wellbeing. Assess knowledge and practice on safe use among farmers in rural area of Kaski district.
M - Cross sectional study was conducted among farmers in Six Village development committee VDC and farmers using pesticides for any agricultural product were randomly selected. F - Majority The mean participant scores for knowledge and safety procedures were Nearly four fifth But only Self-reported health problems due to pesticide exposure were headache RC - practice regarding safe use of pesticide is still poor among farmers in rural area of Kaski district.
Behaviours change and communication programs focusing on proper use of PPE personal protective equipment , storage, disposal and reading label instruction on pesticide container should be conducted. Pesticides along with many other human creations has created a boomerang effect where traditional geographical boundaries are broken and the risks associated with radioactivity or pesticides have affected the population at all levels irrespective of who they are. Moreover with the pursuit of market oriented goals and the approaches adopted to achieve these goals have led to unethical practices in various sectors throughout the world.
Some clear examples such as the thalidomide disaster and Bhopal gas tragedy were the result of narrowing of interest to pecuniary measures. In case of thalidomide the resulting loss of sales which could result if information on its use and effects was disclosed was kept away on purpose and in case of the later gas tragedy cost cutting measures led to the disaster. In both the case the pursuit of commercial gains blinded the actors and the agencies. For a nation like Nepal where most population still rely on agriculture to survive in this new economic order the issue of pesticide is of utmost importance.
The government makes decision and based on their decisions the regulation of these products are done by concerned authorities, but since the government is also attached to the world economic order it has to take its decisions based on various international treaties which again recommend principles that are homogenizing, competitive, self-regulatory and profit based. Here the focus of the research is largely focused at the individual behavioural and the local level. Personal actions that must be done for the safe use of a product are identified and if these are adhered to then there will be no negative effects.
The reductionist, commodified approach sees a technocentric solution to problems broken down in parts and the ecology is amenable to change as per human needs and beliefs. Exposure to environmental chemicals has been shown to affect the environment and health of human and non-human beings.
The acute toxicity testing of pesticides may be reliable to understand the effects from short term but its limitations are unlikely to find out effects on human which may take two or three decades to appear. Exposure to environmental chemicals has also been shown to result in increased risk of obesity later in life, and these chemicals have been referred to as obesogens and many of these same chemicals can also increase insulin resistance leading to type 2 diabetes examples include phthalates, bisphenol A, tributyltins, and several pesticides . M - Descriptive cross-sectional and experimental study conducted in different locations Kathmandu valley.
Education and the Reproduction of Capital
Two hundred energy drinks users were interviewed to access the knowledge and perception of consumers. Ten different brands of energy drinks were analysed for chemical and microbial content. The collected samples were evaluated for the compliance of regularity regulatory requirements on labelling. The major motivating factors were friends Out of 10 samples analysed for the regulatory compliance, none of them fully complied with the regulatory requirements of Nepal.
Other compounds detected in the samples were not uniform. Methyl amine was detected in nine samples out of ten. All the samples passed the limit of microbial count. RC - Long-gone are the days of Prakash Padukone a noted player who declined promoting an artificial drink despite being given a hefty payment and presently there is no dearth of players with huge fan following endorsing such drinks, despite the fact most may not even be consuming it. The impact of preferential trade agreements PTAs , free trade agreements have been shown to increased life style diseases such as obesity and type -2 diabetes.
Advertisements and marketing strategies adopted such as recruiting sports persons, celebrities and also making ties with schools and colleges so as to installing dispensing machines in schools and promoting activities in the name of public private partnerships. Though the research paper deals with energy drinks the marketing strategies and the related affects with its consumption is similar to more traditional soft drinks such as Coca-Cola.
The non-availability of clean drinking water and the availability of Coca-Cola has been an issue of pride in the context of Africa.
The Open Public Health Journal
The standards that need to be adhered to have been flouted here and this comes as no surprise for a nation like Nepal due to its weak structure of overall governance. Presently, all around the world Americans, Europeans, Asians, Africans and Australians are all having an ontologically uniform experience of taste despite their being significant differences in their living conditions. Assess the knowledge, attitude and practice on family planning methods among married women of Kakani VDC.
M - Descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. Likewise, PPS sampling procedure was done for sample size calculation. Similarly, simple random sampling was done for the selection of respondents. Structured questionnaires and interview technique was used to obtain necessary information. F - More than one fifth of the respondents Similarly two third of the respondents Almost all women Likewise, Depo-Provera was the device known by all respondents and Implant was the least known However, more than half Similarly, more than half Furthermore, attitude towards family planning was positive in most of the MWRAs.
RC - The study population had good knowledge and positive attitude towards family Planning devices; however the use of family planning devices was low.