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Download references. The authors thank D. Spillman and E. Chaney from the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology for their assistance with operations and human study protocol support, respectively. L, and S. All other authors have nothing to disclose. Correspondence to Stephen A. To obtain permission to re-use content from this article visit RightsLink. In fact,it has been hypothesized that the development of a complex visual system preceded and provided the evolutionary substrate for the evolution of brain expansion that made possible higher cognitive functions in primates.
Vertebrate vision is one of the most profound and illuminating examples illustrating the operation of evolutionary principles.
Humans are visual animals, and the loss of sight is a profound tragedy, which presents challenges to both the individual and society. Compassionate concern about devising applications to save and restore vision has driven biomedical vision researchers as much as the desire to understand the pure science of how something as complicated and wonderful as our vision can work. The computational scientist has also taken lessons from what we know of biological vision systems to base the development of algorithms for detecting three-dimensional 3D features of the external world as detected by a two-dimensional 2D array of detectors,whether they are solid-state photocells or biological cellular transducers of light energy.
The understanding of biological vision from the viewpoints of these diverse themes has been one of the great intellectual adventures of our species. Vision research has resulted in a number of Nobel prizes in the medicine and physiology category, as well as significant therapies for sustaining our vision and novel algorithms for machine vision.
Chapter Optical Eye Modeling and Applications Chapter